a brief history
Jeff Thomson, Waiheke Show Home, 2003
Matt Akenhurst, You Are Here, 2011
Paul Cullen, Things From Geology (Underworld), 2017
The first “Sculpture on the Gulf” outdoor sculpture exhibition took place in February 2003. It was the brainchild of a group of Waiheke Islanders with an interest in outdoor sculpture and the desire to do something for the Waiheke community. They included Jackie O’Brien (then Director of the Waiheke Community Art Gallery) and those known as “the founding benefactors” – Ruth Foreman, Sue Fisher and John and Jo Gow.
Over the years many others have contributed; local individuals and businesses in particular have been very generous with their time, goodwill and expertise.
Right from the start the aim of the exhibition on the Matiatia coastal walkway was to be the very best outdoor sculpture exhibition in New Zealand. Works were to be new, not seen anywhere else, “unexpected, daring and original” and responding to, and complementing the unique and spectacular location.
That first exhibition lasted only two weeks and attracted some 12,000 visitors. It was a nerve-wracking process for all involved; there were major constraints of time and money, and those involved seriously considered abandoning the project. In the end, it turned out to be a triumph. The public, many of whom had never experienced outdoor sculpture in that way, loved their day out on Waiheke, while many of the artists involved saw their careers take off after the exposure, and sales were good even at this inaugural event.
In line with the remit to be “unexpected, daring and original”, the selection of artists has often been controversial. Nevertheless, some names reappear over the years, as stalwarts of the exhibition, and others have tried for selection over several years before making it onto the list. The 2003 event saw both a “People’s Choice” and a “Premier” award; at the request of the artists the Premier award was discontinued for 2005 and a financial contribution to each artist made instead. A Premier award was reinstated for 2013 and 2015, but, again at the request of the artists, will not be made in 2017.
By 2009 the event took place over three, not two weeks, and included a schools programme. The focus on artistic education has strengthened over the years, with the introduction of talks by the artists and guided walks by trained volunteers. Numbers attending rose steadily, to 32,000 in 2011, 45,000 in 2013 and 49,000 in 2015.
Up to and including the 2011 event Sculpture on the Gulf was managed by a sub-committee of the Waiheke Community Art Gallery; in 2011 a limited liability company owned by WCAG but with its own Board of Directors was created to run what had become a challenging and complex project. The new Board instituted a number of changes, including reversing the direction of the walkway, which made it an easier walk, and erecting a pavilion on the Matiatia foreshore where visitors could relax before catching a ferry back to Auckland. A gallery in the pavilion show-cased maquettes and small works by both the selected artists and other invited artists.
Following a review of the 2015 event, the Board set a strategic direction for Sculpture on the Gulf, which reaffirmed the ‘new contemporary art’ focus of its biennial sculpture exhibition, but with an expanded long-term ambition to make Waiheke a ‘Sculpture Island’. The 40,000 visitors to the 2017 event enjoyed an enhanced walkway and pavilion experience that was partly funded by the introduction of a $10 ‘entry-donation. A new architectural collaboration project that will become a feature of future events and the donation of two of the walkway sculptures to the local community were highlights of a very successul event.